Accessing the deep web and the dark web(2019)

Do you know that 96% of the internet is not indexed by search engines such as Bing, Yahoo and  Google? that basically means that only a very tiny proportion of the World Wide Web(www) is available to you through normal means. Most things happen at the deep / dark web.



The average internet user only utilizies a small portion of the internet's potential.
Accessing the deep web and the dark web

The deep / dark web 

deep web

The famous deep web is exactly like it sounds — just below the surface but not completely dark.

In other words, the deep web is any web address that cannot be found by regular search machines. Regular search engines are only able to search and index websites because of links. Links are used in ranking all search results according to things like keywords, relevancy and inbound links. Search engines search the “surface web”, but that’s where the search ends.

Accessing the deep web and the dark web


For instance, say you searched a public library's catalogue to find a specific book, you couldn’t just type the title into your search engine's search bar and expect it to return a meaningful result. That boss level of information would only be gotten in the deep web.

Instead, you would locate this data by going to the public library’s official website and use their own search bar.

The sole reason regular search engines can’t provide you with this data is simply because there are no links. 

how indexing works

Google’s indexing system starts with a process known as “crawling.”

Visualize a virtual robot insect that begins at the home page, then crawls to and back from all the pages on the same site that are accessed by clicking on the links.

Google then examines the entire data and renders the content of the site to send to Google’s index servers. Google then builds the data by context and enters each one into a base of algorithms.

the surface web

Just like the movie "Aquaman", the surface world is known and beautiful.This is your normal Facebook.com, Quara.com etc. But the wonders that lie below it are breath-taking.

Food for thought

Far past the boundaries of Google-able information is every sort of information you can think of. It accommodates a wide array of data and information, from unlisted videos and articles that are blocked in certain countries to the inner-dashboard of your very own bank account just after you log in to password-protected, private websites.

Below the “surface web”, there are thousands of possibilities. You just have to find them.

the dark web

The dark web is probably what you might have thought the deep web was if you saw it on TV or read about it in a newspaper... But always recall, the deep web and the dark web are two distinct things.

Though these two have always been used interchangeably, the deep web — comprises of mostly harmless data and digitized records, while the dark web — has raised concern around the world about criminal activity.

Accessing the deep web and the dark web


Common web browsers can’t access the dark web. The dark web makes use of what’s called; The Onion Router service protocol. Tor 'in short'  — can't be detected by search engines and help give users complete anonymity while surfing the web.

When you visit the dark web, you’re not in any way in the interconnected servers you normally interact with. Instead, all things stay internal on the Tor network, providing privacy and security to all users equally.

Because of these reasons, the dark web is home to things that don’t wish to be found.




Note: Dark web website addresses end with .onion instead of .com for example.

Consider this image:
Accessing the deep web and the dark web

The deep web vs the dark web

what's on the deep web?

The deep web carries the searches that are invisible to search engines. Here are a few examples:

  • The content of your online banking accounts
  • The content of your personal email accounts
  • The content of your social media accounts
  • Data that companies store on their private databases
  • Legal documents
  • User-to-user communications on any social media, messaging platforms, chat services etc.
Lots of contents that exist on the deep web carries information that you probably wouldn’t wish to come up in a web search — like your account information and details — because it’s private and might be misused.

If you have to log in to any account, the information you access in that account is on the deep web.

That’s a good thing since the deep web helps protect your personal information.

What's on the dark web?

The dark web runs with a very high level of anonymity. It entertains harmless activities and content, as well as criminal ones.

For example, the dark web could very well include a site that provides complex riddles. Another could be a kind of book club that gets eBooks to look more professional. Another could also offer a forum for individuals who believe free speech is threatened.

The dark web is however known for dark content like illegal and disturbing content. Here’s are examples of illegal contents you can find on the dark web.

  • Stolen information and data: In cases of a data breach, there’s a high probability the accessed information — from bank card numbers to Social Security numbers. — will show up on the dark web's market.
  • Disturbing and dangerous contents: Things like hitmen-for-hire, gores, human trafficking, child pornography, counterfeit goods, body parts, illegal drugs and illegal guns for sale can all be found on the dark web's market.
How come users can do business on the dark web without being traced? Financial transactions are mostly done with Bitcoin, the cryptocurrency that assures buyers and sellers complete anonymity.

How to access the dark web

Getting into the dark web is a lot simpler than you might think. What you gotta do is download a dark web browser, just like the Tor browser.

Once you finish installing this browser on your system, it operates just like any other regular browser: type in any URL, and access it.

However, you can't easily find the material you’re looking for on the dark web. It doesn't work the way using search engines like Google works. The dark web has no ranking system or index to help you find what you need.

Instead, you can use darknet search engines. One known as the Uncensored Hidden Wiki largely suggests some guidance to content on the dark web, including illegal websites.

Surfing the dark web can be harmful

  • Webcam hijacking: A site on the many corners of the dark web may try to get a remote administration tool — also called “RAT” — onto your system. That can allow someone to hack into your webcam — essentially, giving them access to your camera lens.
  • Viruses: Some websites tend to infect your system with viruses, and there are many types of viruses to be on the lookout for. Remember to never download stuff from sites you don’t trust.

Summary

Both the deep web and the dark web offer an extent of anonymity and privacy.

The deep web protects your private information. But in a case that you access your online bank account, it’s not completely private. The bank knows.



The dark web on the other hand function on the policy of total anonymity. Whatever you do in there is your business. With some precautions, what you do there can’t ever be tracked or traced to you by anyone or organisation.

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